Language: English with bilingual abstract in English and French
A rigorous and detailed IUCN Red List evaluation of the threat status of the endemic and range-restricted vascular plant species found in Burundi is presented. The assessments are based on herbarium collection data supplemented with ﬁeld observations and information obtained from the literature. They follow the guidelines and criteria developed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The results show that out of the 135 taxa examined 21 (15%) are of Least Concern (LC) while 110 (82%) are threatened, 2 (1.5%) are Near Threatened (NT) and 2 (1.5%) are Data Deﬁcient (DD). Amongst the threatened, 24 (18%) are Critically Endangered (CR), of which 18 (13%) have received the addition Possibly Extinct (PE), 61 (45%) are Endangered (EN), 25 (18%) are considered as Vulnerable (VU). In addition to the Red List assessments, each species comes with its correct scientific name, its vernacular name (when available), a brief morphological description, an illustration (photo or drawing), data on habitat and seed or spore dispersal as well as a map showing its distribution.