The tenth volume in this series deals with the unique nature of Iran and Iraq. Isolated Mountain Ranges with snowy peaks and desert plateaus, forests of various types and semi-desert savannah produced a specific and unrepeatable butterfly diversity. Many endemic species, especially Lycaenids, live in Iran. The Butterflies of Iran and Iraq covers the 413 species currently known in this region. Specimens of almost all species are shown on the plates including many type specimens, historical and very rare examples. The bibliography section consists of 830 entries including many Iranian publications which are little known in the West.