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Water resources are under threat in many parts of the world. Climate change and natural disasters like earthquakes are aggravating already critical situations. But a significant number of threats are posed directly by human interference and failings.
A major theme in the book is the need for preparedness. Poor risk assessment, lack of emergency planning and poor institutional response are key factors in making natural disasters or human-induced problems worse. The problems are ones of water quality as well as quantity. A large section is devoted to the threats from climate change and extreme hydrological events. As global warming progresses most regions can expect an increase in the frequency of floods and droughts. But the rising cost of these events is also directly due to human mismanagement, lack of preparation and poor emergency response. Similar issues surround the threats from terrorism and armed conflicts, which are analysed by a special Working Group.
A final section is devoted to analyses of the water resources problems surrounding the Aral Sea - perhaps the worst man-made disaster in history - in which experts from the region discuss the solutions being developed, the urgent need for international collaboration and the problems caused by the huge cost of rehabilitation.
Preface. 1. Overview: the major issues. Threats to Global Water Security: Population Growth, Terrorism, Climate Change, or Commercialisation? J. Anthony A. Jones.- Less is More: Approaching Water Security and Sustainability from the Demand Side; D. Brooks and Jamie Linton.- Water Security Of Nations: How International Trade Affects National Water Security And Dependency; A.Y. Hoekstra.- Reducing The Risk: Drought Mitigation And The Economy Of Irrigation; S. Szalai and 1. Cselotei.- Working Group I: Risk Assessment And Water Governance: Chair and rapporteur: David Brooks.- 2. Water quality and terrorism. Drinking Water Security In Crisis Situations From A Medical Perspective; A. E.Gurzau et al.- Biosensors In A System Of Instrumental Tools To Prevent Effects Of Bioterrorism And Automotive Control Of Water Process Purification; N.F. Starodub.- A High Sensitivity Nuclear Method For Real-Time Detection Of Elements And Compounds In Drinking Water And Soil; Ph. Buckup.- Natural Disasters And Surface And Subsurface Water Pollution Risk Assessment For Some Regions Of Georgia; T. Davitashvili.- Storm Surges On The Southern Coast Of Gulf Of Riga: Case Study Of The Lielupe River; T. Koitsova and I. Belakova.- Ground Water Vulnerability Assessment Of The Aparan Aquifer, Republic Of Armenia, And Its Representation In A 3-D Model; A. Aghinian.- Wastewater Modeling To Reduce Disaster Risk From Groundwater Contamination; N. Haruvy and S. Shaihevet.- Survival In Groundwater And FT-IR Characterization Of Some Pathogenic And Indicator Bacteria; Z. Filip and K. Demnerova.- Working Group II: The Threat From Armed Conflict And Terrorism: Chairs and rapporteurs: S. Arlosoroff and T. Jones.- 3: Managing Extreme Events and Climate Change. Climate Change, Glacier Retreat, And Water Availability In The Caucasus Region; M. Shahgedanova et al.- Risk Management And Mitigation In Highly Urbanized River Basins; S. Pagliara.- Spatial Data Integration For Emergency Services Of Flood Management; Gh. Stancalie et al.- The Use Of Remote Sensing And Gis Techniques In Flood Monitoring And Damage Assessment: A Study Case In Romania; A. Irimescu et al.- Flooding In Afghanistan: A Crisis; E. Hagen and John F. Teufert.- Human Factors In The Floods Of Romania; B. Constantin-Horia et al.- Development Of Dangerous Geodynamic Processes In The South Caucasus And The Problem Of Mitigating Their Consequences; I.V.Bondyrev and E.D.Tsereteli.- Threats In The Tienshan-Pamir Region Of Kyrgyzstan; I. Hadjamberdiev et al.- Long-Term Prognosis Of High Flows In The Mountain Rivers Of Georgia; T. Basilashvili.- Water Disasters In The Territory Of Armenia; T. Vardanian.- The Floods On The River Danube In 2006: Social Impact And Remedial Processes; M. Lazarescu.- The Analysis Of Dangerous Hydrological Processes For The Terek River Basin; N.J. Alexeevskiy and N.L. Frolova.- Floods And Their Risk Assessment In East Siberia; L.M. Korytny et al.- Removing Chlorine-Containing Organic Compounds In The Environment After Floods; G. Torosyan and S. Harutyunyan.- Calibration Of An Atmospherichydrological Model System For Flood Forecasting In The Odra Watershed; H.-T. Mengelkamp.- The Role Of Meteorological Models In The Prediction Of Weather Hazards - The European Approach; C. Cassardo.- Extending The Danube Flood Forecasting System With The Use Of Meteorological Ensembles; A. Csik and G. Balint.-Working Group III: Threats Due To Climate Change Global Problems In A Regional Context: Chair and rapporteur: P. Robinson.- 4: Protecting Aquatic Ecosystems.Assessment Of Risks And Possible Ecological And Economic Damage From Large-Scale Natural And Man-Induced Catastrophes In Ecologically Vulnerable Regions Of Central Asia And The Caucasus; A.N. Valyaev et al.- Environmental Management Of Intentional Or Accidental Environmental Threats To Water Security In The Danube Delta; L-Daniel Galatchi.- Preventing Disaster On French Creek, One Of The Most Biologically Diverse Rivers In North America; J.O. Palmer and E. Pallant.- Appraisal Of Methodology Of Ecological Risks Assessment Arising From Pollution Of The Rivers Of The Ukraine; V.D. Romanenko et al.- Emergency Response And Water Security Of The Btc Pipeline In Ecologically Sensitive Areas Of Georgia; M. Devidze.- 5. Infrastructure - technical innovations and failures. Effects Of Reservoirs On Streamflow In The Boreal Region; Ming-Ko Woo and R.Thorne.- Hydrogeologial Factors And The Safe Operation Of Hydraulic Structures; R. Minasyan and S. Zeizafoun.- Evaluation Of The Effect Of A Water Hammer On The Failure Of A Corroded Water Pipeline; G. Pluvinage et al.- Sewer System Condition, Type Of Sewers And Their Impacts On Environmental Management; A . Stanko and I. MahrIkova.- 6. Restoring The Water Resources of the Aral Sea Basin The Aral Sea: A Matter Of Mutual Trust; Y. Kamalov.- Extreme And Average Glacier Runoff In The Amudarya River Basin; V. Konovalov.- Future Of The Aral Sea And The Aral Sea Coast; V.A. Dukhovny et al.- Natural Disaster: Prevention Of Drinking Water Scarcity; R.A. Khaydarov et al.- Estimation Of Ecological Risk Of Transboundary Pollution Of The Amu River; L. Kondratjeva and N. Fhisher.- On The Development Of A Strategy For The Optimal Use Of The Upstream Water Resources Of The Amudary Basin In The National Interests Of The Tajik Republic; S. Navruzov.- Integrated Management Strategy For Transboundary Water Resources In Central Asia; LSh Normatov and G.N. Petrov.