Studies on phytoconstituents from medicinal plants have experienced a great deal of changes during the last century, not only regarding the number of compounds described, but also in the concept of action and mechanism of phytoconstituents itself. Since the drug discovery process increasingly requires the availability of large number of compounds chemicals in nature offers a valuable source; for example, secondary metabolites, previously regarded as waste products are now recognized for their resistant activity against diseases and pests.
Based on this rationale the present volume provides 26 research and review articles contributed by the eminent scientists from far and wide including Canada, China, India, Japan, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Slovak Republic, Spain and USA with a view to bring the scientific data to the attention of international scientific community. Some of the important 19 medicinal plants (Astragalus, Cimicifuga, Cinnamomum tamala, Curcuma longa, Diospyros kaki, Ficus benghalensis, Ficus exasperata, Lablab purpureus, Lagenaria breviflora, Lepidium meyenii, Mentha piperita, Peltigera canina, Piper longum, Rhodiola rosea, Sedum praealtum, Solanum villosum, Terminalia chebula, Thalictrum, Vaccinium macrocarpon) have been explored for bioactive compounds. Also new analytical methodologies have been developed for their determination.
The chapter on Natural Bioactive Cycloartane Triterpenoids in plants has shown to possess unique structures and cellular mechanisms of action and might prove to have potential for medical applications in various diseases like anti-tumor, anti-virus, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammations, immune regulatory, cardiovascular system, nervous system and hepatoprotective effects. Reservatrol a natural phytoalexin has been presented as a potential new functional molecule for obesity and insulin resistance prevention. The review on Rhodiola rosea L. provides an overview of in vitro propagation methods coupled with highlighting the research efforts for various phenolic compounds. Microbes have an important niche in the pharma sector as they produce thousands of industrially important bioactive molecules including antimicrobials.
Three chapters have been presented to identify novel inhibitors for microbial pathogens by the use of classical and modern techniques. Terminalia chebula showed bioactive compounds which kill various drug resistant microbial pathogens including methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Pathogenesis related proteins showed an important role in plant responses to heavy metal stress. The phytochemicals from fruits and vegetables hold promising potential in the development of health foods; nutritional supplements and herbal medicines for the application as antioxidants and cancer chemopreventive agents. An attempt has been made to understand the Universe of Food Quality & Safety and need of paradigm shift is highlighted to provide a sustainable solution.
Simultaneously, the chapter on Modified Atmospheric Packaging has defined conditions that will create the optimum atmosphere inside the package best suited for extending shelf-life of a given produce with shortest possible time-period. The findings presented would serve as basic material for further work in developing new phyto-therapeutics. The volume has been addressed to phytochemists, pharmacologists, microbiologists, biotechnologists, medical scientists and other researchers engaged in the search of natural products.
- About the Series
- Foreword to the Series
- Foreword to the Volume
- Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Phagocytic Activities in the Etract of Sedum praealtum (Siempreviva)
- Lepidium meyenii (Maca): A Review on its Phytochemical and Pharmacological Profile
- Medicinal Properties and Pharmacological Potential of Ficus benghalensis
- Recent Advances in Natural Bioactive Cycloartane Triterpenoids
- Resveratrol, an Old Molecule Now Targeting Obesity
- Recent Advances in Cranberry Stres Physiology
- Postharvest Handling of Persimmon Fruit
- Quantitative Estimation and Seasonal Fluctuations of Some Primary and Secondary Biochemicals of Young and Mature Leaves of Solanum villosum Mill. (Solanaceae: Solanales)
- A Liquid Chromatography-Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionisation-Mass Spectrometry Method for the Simultaneous Determination of Curcumin and Piperine in Food Products
- HPTLC Determination of Compound Formulation of Nebivolol Hydrochloride and S-amlodipine Besylate
- Combination Effects of Phenolics of Terminalia chebula Fruits with Antibiotics against Clinical Isolates of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus
- Plant Defense against Heavy Metals: The Involvement of Pathogenesis-Related (PR) Proteins
- Traditional Ethno-Mycomedicinal Practice Lattice Evaluation (TEMPLE) for Prioritization of Lead Source: A Primer for Folklore Based Drug Discovery
- Phytoextracts: A Safe Remedy in Controlling Plant Diseases
- Preliminary Studies on the Phytochemical Constituents and Effects of Aqueous Crude Extract of Lablab purpureus Seeds on Some Biochemical Parameters in Rats
- Enhancing Food Quality & Safety A Holistic Perspective
- Dietary Antioxidants: The Health Promoting Compounds in Vegetables and Fruits
- Protective Effect of Vitamin C and Aqueous Extract of Peltigera canina on Chromium-Induced Nephrotoxicity
- Ozone: Applications in the Food Industry
- Modified Atmosphere Packaging of Fruits and Vegetables
- Genetic Engineering in Grapevines: Technical Problems Solving
- Interactions of Water Soluble Vitamins with Zinc through Cell, Protein and Animal Models
- In vitro Propagation of Roseroot (Rhodiola rosea L.)
- Taxonomic Status and Leaf Essential Oils of ‘Indian Bay Leaves’ (Cinnamomum tamala Nees & Ebrem)
- Ethnoveterinary Survey of Poultry Management in Some Selected Farms in Ibadan, Nigeria
- Impact of Simulated Acid Rain on Yield and Carbohydrate Contents of Mentha piperita L. (Peppermint)
- Subject Index