This established, popular textbook provides a stimulating and comprehensive introduction to the insects, the animals that represent over half of the planet's biological diversity. In this new fourth edition, the authors introduce the key features of insect structure, function, behavior, ecology and classification, placed within the latest ideas on insect evolution. Much of the book is organised around major biological themes - living on the ground, in water, on plants, in colonies, and as predators, parasites/parasitoids and prey.
A strong evolutionary theme is maintained throughout. The ever-growing economic importance of insects is emphasized in new boxes on insect pests, and in chapters on medical and veterinary entomology, and pest management. Updated 'taxoboxes' provide concise information on all aspects of each of the 27 major groupings (orders) of insects. All chapters are thoroughly updated with the latest results from international studies. It features an accompanying website with downloadable illustrations and links to video clips. All chapters to include new text boxes of topical issues and studies. It presents major revision of systematic and taxonomy chapter. Still beautifully illustrated with more new illustrations from the artist, Karina McInnes.
Gullan and Cranston" has become the standard in the field....engagingly written and packed with interesting and up-to-date entomological examples.....the most thoroughly updated and appealing general entomology textbook on the market." American Entomologist, Winter 2004 "Students wanting a single book to give them the whole picture need look no further ... Since receiving The Insects I have referred to it daily, my other standby reference texts meriting only an occasional glance. It is an extremely well written and thoroughly up-to-date text, amply and clearly illustrated with magnificent black-and-white drawings." Review of the first edition in Nature "...a seriously comprehensive book that any student of entomology should have" Dr John Feltwell, Independent Consultant Ecologist "an excellent teaching resource and reference work....Penny Gullan and Peter Cranston have certainly written an eminently usable textbook that will be popular with people lecturing entomology courses and with biologists interested in comprehensive and modern synopsis of the most diverse class of animals." African Entomology, 2005 "this book...is not simply a textbook. It is well written and eminently readable with the authors' enthusiasm for their subject apparent throughout. It also has an international scope...Consequently whilst being an invaluable reference source for students, tutors and researchers alike, it will also appeal to amateurs interested in learning more about insects than the basic facts. All in all, this book will make a valuable and much used addition to any school, university library or personal library." Journal of Insect Conservation, June 2005 "Penny Gullan and Peter Cranston have certainly written an eminently usable textbook that will be popular with people lecturing entomology courses and with biologists interested in a comprehensive and modern synopsis of the most diverse class of animals." African Entomology, June 2005 "This book is probably the most well-written textbook in entomology in our present time...As an introduction to the broad field of entomology, this textbook is highly recommended." Norwegian Journal of Entomology, August 2005 "This established and popular textbook is the definitive guide to the study of insects..." Ethology, Ecology and Evolution, August 2005
List Of Color Plates List Of Boxes Acknowledgments For Vignettes Prefaces 1. The Importance And Diversity Of Insects: What Is Entomology? The Importance Of Insects Insect Biodiversity Insects In Popular Culture And Commerce Insects As Food Insect Conservation 2. External Anatomy: The Cuticle Segmentation And Tagmosis The Head The Thorax The Abdomen 3. Internal Anatomy And Physiology: Muscles And Locomotion The Nervous System And Co-Ordination The Endocrine System And The Function Of Hormones The Circulatory System The Tracheal System And Gas Exchange The Gut, Digestion And Nutrition The Excretory System And Waste Disposal Reproductive Organs 4. Sensory Systems And Behavior: Mechanical Stimuli Thermal Stimuli Chemical Stimuli Insect Vision Insect Behavior 5. Reproduction: Bringing The Sexes Together Courtship Sexual Selection Copulation Diversity In Genitalic Morphology Sperm Storage, Fertilization And Sex Determination Sperm Competition Oviparity (Egg-Laying) Ovoviviparity And Viviparity Atypical Modes Of Reproduction Physiological Control Of Reproduction 6. Insect Development And Life Histories: Growth Life-History Patterns And Phases Process And Control Of Molting Voltinism Diapause Dealing With Environmental Extremes Migration Polymorphism And Polyphenism Age-Grading Environmental Effects On Development Climate And Insect Distributions 7. Insect Relationships: Phylogenetics The Extant Hexapods Protura (Proturans), Collembola (Springtails), Diplura (Diplurans) Class Insecta (True Insects) 8. Insect Biogeography And Evolution: Insect Biogeography The Antiquity Of Insects Were The First Insects Aquatic Or Terrestrial? Evolution Of Wings Evolution Of Metamorphosis Insect Diversification Insect Diversification In The Pacific 9. Ground-Dwelling Insects: Insects Of Litter And Soil Insects And Dead Trees Or Decaying Wood Insects And Dung Insect-Carrion Interactions Insect-Fungal Interactions Cavernicolous Insects Environmental Monitoring Using Ground -Dwelling Hexapods 10. Aquatic Insects: Taxonomic Distribution And Terminology The Evolution Of Aquatic Lifestyles Aquatic Insects And Their Oxygen Supplies The Aquatic Environment Environmental Monitoring Using Aquatic Insects Functional Feeding Groups Insects Of Temporary Waterbodies Insects Of The Marine, Intertidal And Littoral Zones 11. Insects And Plants: Coevolutionary Interactions Between Insects And Plants Phytophagy (Or Herbivory) Insects And Plant Reproductive Biology Insects That Live Mutualistically In Specialized Plant Structures 12. Insect Societies: Subsociality In Insects Eusociality In Insects Inquilines And Parasites Of Social Insects Evolution And Maintenance Of Eusociality Success Of Eusocial Insects 13. Insect Predation And Parasitism: Prey/ Host Location Prey/Host Acceptance And Manipulation Prey/Host Selection And Specificity Population Biology - Predator/Parasitoid And Prey/Host Abundance The Evolutionary Success Of Insect Predation And Parasitism 14. Insect Defense: Defense By Hiding Secondary Lines Of Defense Mechanical Defenses Chemical Defenses Defense By Mimicry Collective Defenses In Gregarious And Social Insects 15. Medical And Veterinary Entomology: Insect Nuisance And Phobia Venoms And Allergens Insects As Causes And Vectors Of Disease Generalized Disease Cycles Pathogens Forensic Entomology 16. Pest Management: Insects As Pests The Effects Of Insecticides Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Chemical Control Biological Control Host-Plant Resistance To Insects Physical Control Cultural Control Pheromones And Other Insect Attractants Genetic Manipulation Of Insect Pests 17. Methods In Entomology: Collecting, Preservation, Curation And Identification: Collection Preservation And Curation Identification Glossary Of Entomological And Selected Technical Terms Appendix: A Reference Guide To Orders Index
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Penny Gullan and Peter Cranston are professors in the Department of Entomology, University of California, Davis, USA., where they jointly teach undergraduate courses in biodiversity, insect systematics and general entomology, and conduct research on Coccoidea and Chironomidae, respectively. They maintain strong connections to the Australian National University, Canberra, where, as Visiting Fellows, much of this fourth edition was revised.